Did you know that fashion is the 2nd largest pollutant industry in the world?
And also the 7th in terms of water pollution?
We were always taught to wear cotton because it was natural and a clean fabric. But recent studies have shown that cotton is not as good as it could be, and globally because of its high need in water and pesticides generously sprayed on its fields. Cotton represents only 2.5% of the world culture, but uses 25% of all the insecticides and 11% of pesticides.
Because of the harm made to cotton farmers and lands let drought and destroyed, it was a necessity to develop organic cotton production worldwide.
Organic cotton systems replenish and maintain soil fertility, reduce the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers. It also ensures that no heavy metals or chemical dye have been used for dying. This results in a reduced water pollution, and sustainable fields.
One of the standard group for organic textile (the Global Organic Textile Standard) set standards and criteria to fit with the ‘organic’ term, including :
- Prohibition of critical inputs such as toxic heavy metals, genetically modified organisms (GMO) etc.
- Bleaches must be based on oxygen
- Wet processing units must keep full records of the use of chemicals, energy, water consumption and waste water treatment, including the disposal of sludge. The waste water from all wet processing units must be treated in a functional waste water treatment plant.
Also, according to a study
, organic production of cotton for an average sized t-shirt resulted in a savings of 1,982 gallons of water compared to the results of chemically grown cotton.
Even if that's good news for our rivers and lakes, the best solution to save even more water is to wear your tee as long as you can!